The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that people who are between the ages of 18 and 64 get the cholera vaccine before they travel to an area where the cholera outbreak is common. The vaccine was first recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in June 2016. The vaccine is designed to prevent the disease that is caused by the vibrio cholera bacteria. This bacteria is responsible for 99 percent of the cholera cases.
The Food and Drug Administration has stated that the vaccine should be administered 10 days before one travels for maximum protection. Karen K. Wong is a medical doctor who works for the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. She stated that people should also wash their hands and use safe water in order to prevent cholera.
Sixty countries have a cholera epidemic. It is estimated that it causes 95,000 deaths worldwide. People who are at an increased risk for developing cholera are health care workers, those who are traveling and visiting family members and friends as well as anyone who lives or works in a cholera-infested area.
The safety and efficacy has been evaluated by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. They found that the vaccine was 90 percent effective for preventing cholera after 10 days. The vaccine was 80 percent effective after three months.
Diarrhea was the only adverse vaccine reaction. Only 3.8 percent of the vaccine recipients had diarrhea compared to 1.6 percent of the unvaccinated population. However, information about the safety of the vaccination is limited. There also is not a lot information available about whether the vaccine will work three months after it is administered.
People who want to get the cholera vaccine should not take antibiotics 14 days before they get the vaccine. Experts do not know what type of effect antibiotics will have on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. Additionally, getting the typhoid vaccine eight hours after the cholera vaccine can reduce the effectiveness of the cholera vaccine.
There is not any data available about the effects that the vaccine will have on women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. No one knows whether the baby will be exposed to the vaccine. However, the vaccine can shed and remain in the stool for up to seven days. That is why it is possible for the baby to be exposed to the strain during childbirth.
There was a study done that examined whether the vaccine could shed and cause the person to spread the strain to other people. The study showed that 11.1 percent of subjects had a vaccine strain in their stool after getting vaccinated. However, no one else in the household had been exposed to the strain.
People who have a history of allergic reaction to the ingredients found in the cholera vaccine should not get it. No one knows how people who are immunocompromised will be affected by the vaccine. The studies done on the vaccine have proven that the benefits of it will outweigh the risks for most people.
The vaccine has received a type 1 reliability rating. This means that it is highly-reliable. The rating is given based on the antibody response as well as potential reactions.
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