What is HIV?
HIV is an immunodeficiency virus that can lead to immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. The human body cannot rid this virus.
This virus changes every time it divides and can integrate into your own cells so the immune system cannot see it.
Only certain fluids from an infected person can transmit HIV, like blood, semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. The mucus membrane must be in contact with these fluids in order for HIV to be contracted.
Having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV is the number one cause of HIV spreading in the United States.
Is HIV Curable?
Scientists and researchers are working night and day to find a vaccine that will prevent the HIV infection and treatments that may possibly even cure it. HIV is treatable and there are medications that can be administered to control the infection.
However, on an international level researchers are coming closer to finding a vaccine to help prevent HIV.
In 2009, researchers in Thailand found that a combination of two vaccine prototypes was 30 percent effective in preventing HIV infection.
In effort to find a vaccine for HIV, laboratories in London are hosts to 64 adult volunteers to be a part of the HIV vaccine research.
In the trial, volunteers who are free of HIV and not at risk of catching the infection will receive a combination of vaccines. One of them is derived from a weakened version of Sendai, a flu-like virus that affects rodents.
This vaccine will be administered through nasal drops because both HIV and Sendai affect the mucosal tissues which are found in the nose and the genital area.
How can HIV be Prevented from Spreading?
Although there is no vaccine, HIV can be prevented from spreading by using condoms when engaging in sexual activity.
Getting tested regularly is important especially when engaging in sexual activity with multiple partners.
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