Vaccine Types

Vaccine Types
The Centers for Disease Control recommends the following vaccines:

Vaccines for Children 0-6

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Vaccine (3 Doses).  This is typically the first vaccine a child receives; the first dose is usually given at birth. The second dose of the HBV virus is usually administered when the child is between one and two months. The third dose will be administered when the child is between six and 18 months of age. The hepatitis B virus can cause liver problems including cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer. If a child does not get it at birth, it may be administered at any age.

DTaP (3 Doses). A child will receive one dose of DTaP at two months of age and another at four months and then a third at six months. The fourth and fifth doses will come when the child is between 15 and 18 months old and then when they are between four and six years old. DTaP is the vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. Diphtheria is a throat infection that can result in a blockage of the airway. Tetanus is otherwise known as lockjaw and is a nerve disease that can affect an individual at any age. Toxins from clostridium tetani bacteria cause tetanus. They enter the body via breaks in the skin. Pertussis is also known as whooping cough and can cause a severe cough with complications in children under 1 year old.

Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) (2 Doses). This vaccine is administered when a child is two months old, with a second dose at fourth months. With some Hib vaccines (but not all), they will receive a dose at six months. They will get a booster when they are between 12 and 15 months old. The Hib vaccine provides protection from the Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria which can cause meningitis in children under 5 years old.

Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) (2 Doses). The IPV vaccine is given to a child when they are two months old and is followed by another at four months. The third dose is given between the ages of six and 18 months and the last when they are between four and six years old. The IPV vaccine provides protection from polio, which is a viral infection that can cause permament paralysis.

Influenza Vaccine (Usually 2 Doses). Children over the age of six months should get the influenza vaccine every year. The first time they get it, it will be administered in two doses that are at least a month apart.

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) (3 Doses). PCV is administered when a child is two months old and again at four and six months with the final dose coming when they are between 12 and 15 months old. It protects them against bacteria that can cause potentially life-threatening conditions like pneumonia and meningitis.

Rotavirus Vaccine (3 Doses). The rotavirus vaccine is administered three times: when the child is two months old, four months old and when they are six months old. Rotavirus causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Varicella Vaccine (2 Doses). The varicella vaccine is administered in two doses with the first coming between the ages of 12 and 15 months. The second should be administered when they are between four and six years old.

Vaccines for Children 7-18

• Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine (Tdap). This vaccine is usually given to children between 11 and 12 years old. It is administered to those who have had the Dtap vaccine and who have not been given the tetanus and diphtheria booster. Children in the 13-18 age range who have not been given the Tdap booster but who have completed the Dtap series should receive a single dose of Tdap. It provides protection against adult pertussis syndrome which can affect adults after their childhood vaccine wears off.

• Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine. The HPV vaccine should ideally be administered to children between the ages of 11 and 12 but can also be given to any teen between 13 and 18 who has not yet received a vaccine. The second dose should be given two months after the first and the third six months after the first. It protects against HPV. Certain types of HPV can cause cervical cancer.

• Meningococcal Vaccine. This vaccine should be administered to children starting at age 11 but can be given to any adolescents who have entered high school. They should get a booster at age 16. It protects against the most common types of meningitis bacteria.

• Influenza Vaccine. A yearly flu vaccine is recommended for children over six months old and teens.

Vaccines for Adults 19+

Adults should get a Tdap booster every ten years. Adult women under age 26 should also receive an HPV vaccine if they have not yet had one. A varicella vaccine as well as an MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine should be administered to adults who have no evidence of immunity. A single-dose shingles vaccine should be given to adults over 50.

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) Vaccine

What is the Hib vaccine?
Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Hib disease can cause pneumonia, severe swelling of the throat, infections of the blood, joints, bones, and heart (myocarditis).

What are the risks of Hib vaccination?
Hib vaccine seizures
Signs of a serious allergic reaction can include difficulty breathing, redness or swelling of the face. hoarseness or wheezing, hives, paleness, weakness, a fast heart beat, dizziness, or loss of consciousness (passing out) within a few minutes to a few hours after the shot.

Learn more about Hib Vaccine

Hepatitis A Vaccine

What is the Hepatitis A vaccine?
Hepatitis A vaccine protects against the Hepatitis A virus. The virus causes an inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver. Most people infected with Hepatitis A recover within 3 months.

What are the risks of Hepatitis A vaccine?
Hepatitis A (HAV) autoimmune

Some studies link the hepatitis vaccine to autoimmune conditions like Gulliane-Barre syndrome.

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Hepatitis B Vaccine

What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For some people, hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it lasts more than six months. Having chronic hepatitis B increases your risk of developing liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis — a condition that causes permanent scarring of the liver.

Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids.

What are the risks of Hep B vaccine?
Hepatitis B (HBV) vaccinesA. Anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shockRead about the vaccine that is given to your child within the first few hours of her life.

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Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine
What is HPV?
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. HPV can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers.
What are the risks of the HPV vaccine?
HPV vaccine weakness, blood disorders
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) was reported in individuals following vaccination with Gardasil. GBS is a rare neurological disorder that causes muscle weakness. Certain types of blood disorders, like autoimmune ITP were reported to VAERS in people who have received Gardasil.
Influenza (Flu) Vaccine

What is influenza (flu)?
Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza, commonly called the flu, is not the same as the stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.

What are the risks of the flu vaccine?
Flu vaccineThe flu vaccine is associated with cases of brachial neuritis, also known as neuralgic amyotrophy or Parsonage-Turner syndrome. Symptoms include acute onset of severe pain in the shoulder and/or arm, followed within days and weeks by weakness and wasting of the muscle.

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Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccine
What is MMR?
MMR protects against three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella.

1. Measles is a highly contagious disease of the lungs. It spreads through the air through coughing and sneezing. Measles starts with a fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and sore throat, and is followed by a rash that spreads all over the body. Measles can cause pneumonia, ear infections, or diarrhea.

2. Rubella is also known as German measles. It is caused by a virus that is different than measles. While people with rubella suffer from the same rash as measles, rubella is generally thought to be not as severe.

3. Mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by a virus. People with mumps typically have a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. Mumps causes a swelling of salivary glands that produces “puffiness” of the face.

What are the risks of MMR vaccine?
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

The CDC recognizes the MMR vaccine can cause fever related seizures (jerking or staring), temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, mostly in teenage or adult women and temporary low platelet count, which can cause a bleeding disorder.

MMR vaccine Anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, Encephalopathy (or encephalitis) within 5-15 days (not less than 5 days and not more than 15 days); Chronic arthritis within 7-42 days; thrombocytopenic purpura within 7-30 days; the development of vaccine-strain measles viral infection within 6 months.

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Meningococcal Vaccine

What is meningococcal disease?
Meningococcal disease is a highly contagious and spread through the lungs and saliva. Meningococcal disease is often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia).

What are the risks of meningococcal vaccine?
Meningococcal (MCV4, MPSV4) seizures
Guillain-Barré Syndrome (or GBS) has reported among some people who received MCV4.

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Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) Vaccine

What is pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease is an illness caused by bacteria called pneumococcus. The disease itself is often mild but can cause infection of the brain (meningitis). 

What are the risks of PCV vaccine?
Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV) heart attack and stroke. PCV vaccine has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
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Polio (OPV or IPV) Vaccine

What is Polio?

Polio is caused by a virus that can cause paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death.

What are the risks of the Polio vaccine?

The development of polio and post-polio syndrome can occur after vaccination.

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Varicella Zoster (Chickenpox) Vaccine
What is varicella zoster (chickenpox)?
Varicella zoster infection results in chickenpox.  Chickenpox usually presents as an itchy, blister-like rash. After the rash goes away, the virus stays dormant in the body. Sometimes dormant varicella zoster can reactivate later in life causing shingles.

What are the risks of the Varicella Zoster vaccine?
Chickenpox (Varicella) Vaccine” href=””>Varicella (VZV)As with any vaccine, there are risks with the chickenpox vaccine. Mild risks include soreness or swelling around the injection site, fever, mild rash that can last around thirty days after the injection, seizures that is caused by fever, pneumonia, low blood count, as well as a severe brain reaction

The vaccine can cause encephalitis or viral pneumonia.

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