The United States has the most effective and safest vaccination program in history. Most of the people who receive vaccines do not develop any side effects. If a person does have a side effect, then it is typically mild and will go away within a few days. It is rare for a person to develop serious side effects after being vaccinated. That is why healthcare providers have stated that the benefits of vaccines will outweigh the potential risks for most patients.
The Vaccine Safety Data Link and the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System analyze the vaccine reaction cases. They have to determine whether or not the side effect is related to the vaccine. The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act established the The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program in 1986. This program allows people who have been injured by a vaccination to get compensated.
The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act has three purposes. It is designed to help ensure that people who are injured by vaccines are swiftly compensated for their injuries. It also helps ensure that America has enough vaccines. Additionally, it also insures that the vaccine manufacturers have liability coverage.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program is a no-fault program. It covers vaccines that are given to children in both public and private sectors. No-fault means that the person who files the claim is not required to prove that the vaccine manufacturer or healthcare provider acted in a negligent manner.
In order to receive compensation, the person has to prove that the injury was caused by the vaccination. They also have to prove that the symptoms lasted for at least six months after the vaccine was given or the injury required surgery or hospitalization. Additionally, if someone died, then the person who files the claim must prove that the vaccine caused the death.
Bruce G. Mellin is a medical doctor. He also worked as a deputy assistant secretary for the National Vaccine Program. He stated that the National Vaccine Compensation has increased its coverage because of the recent emphasis placed on vaccinating pregnant women. President Obama signed the 21st Century Cures Act on December 13, 2016. The act requires that the VICP cover pregnant women and their unborn child.
The VICP Trust Fund is what provides people compensation for vaccine injuries. The average compensation amount is $824,000. It is estimated that $21.6 million attorney fees have been paid. The vaccine manufacturer or administrator may be sued if the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program rejects the claim. They may also be sued if the vaccine is not covered by the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program.
The VICP analyzes injuries that occur from vaccines that are administered to children from birth to age 18. There are several childhood vaccines that are covered by the VICP such as the Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Seasonal Influenza, MMR, Meningococcal B, Polio, Rotavirus, Varicella and Human Papillomavirus. The PPSV23 and the zoster are not covered by this program.
The Countermeasure Injury Compensation Program was started in 2009. It covers vaccines that are administered as the result of a public health emergency such as a bioterrorism attack or the influenza pandemic.
Learn more about the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program.